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Tytuł pozycji:

New scientific discoveries: Plants and fungi

Tytuł :
New scientific discoveries: Plants and fungi
Autorzy :
Martin Cheek
Eimear Nic Lughadha
Paul Kirk
Heather Lindon
Julia Carretero
Brian Looney
Brian Douglas
Danny Haelewaters
Ester Gaya
Theo Llewellyn
A. Martyn Ainsworth
Yusufjon Gafforov
Kevin Hyde
Pedro Crous
Mark Hughes
Barnaby E. Walker
Rafaela Campostrini Forzza
Khoon Meng Wong
Tuula Niskanen
Pokaż więcej
Temat :
DNA versus morphology
extinction before scientific discovery
properties of new species
rates of discovery of plants and fungi
Environmental sciences
GE1-350
Botany
QK1-989
Źródło :
Plants, People, Planet, Vol 2, Iss 5, Pp 371-388 (2020)
Wydawca :
Wiley, 2020.
Rok publikacji :
2020
Kolekcja :
LCC:Environmental sciences
LCC:Botany
Typ dokumentu :
article
Opis pliku :
electronic resource
Język :
English
ISSN :
2572-2611
Relacje :
https://doaj.org/toc/2572-2611
DOI :
10.1002/ppp3.10148
Dostęp URL :
https://doaj.org/article/c9fd2a0d67ca4a3781e30dca5d014e5d
Numer akcesji :
edsdoj.9fd2a0d67ca4a3781e30dca5d014e5d
Czasopismo naukowe
Societal Impact Statement Research and publication of the planet's remaining plant and fungal species as yet unknown to science is essential if we are to address the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 15 “Life on Land” which includes the protection of terrestrial ecosystems and halting of biodiversity loss. If species are not known to science, they cannot be assessed on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species and so the possibility to protect them from extinction is reduced. Furthermore, until species are known to science they cannot be fully scientifically evaluated for their potential as new foods, medicines, and products which would help address SDGs 1,2,3, and 8. Summary Scientific discovery, including naming new taxa, is important because without a scientific name, a species is invisible to science and the possibilities of researching its ecology, applications and threats, and conserving it, are greatly reduced. We review new scientific discoveries in the plant and fungal kingdoms, based largely on new names of taxa published in 2019 and indexed in the International Plant Names Index and Index Fungorum. Numbers of new species in both kingdoms were similar with 1942 new species of plant published and 1882 species of fungi. However, while >50% of plant species have likely been discovered, >90% of fungi remain unknown. This gulf likely explains the greater number of higher order taxa for fungi published in 2019: three classes, 18 orders, 48 families and 214 genera versus one new family and 87 new genera for plants. We compare the kingdoms in terms of rates of scientific discovery, globally and in different taxonomic groups and geographic areas, and with regard to the use of DNA in discovery. We review species new to science, especially those of interest to humanity as new products, and also by life‐form. We consider where future such discoveries can be expected. We recommend an urgent increase in investment in scientific discovery of plant and fungal species, while they still survive. Priorities include more investment in training taxonomists, in building and equipping collections‐based research centers for them, especially in species‐rich, income‐poor countries where the bulk of species as yet unknown to science are thought to occur.
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