Abstract Background There has been little published data on estimates of HBV and/or HCV coinfection in HIV-positive patients in China or an understanding of how this coinfection varies with different factors. Therefore, this study aimed to determine, through a systematic review and meta-analysis, the prevalence of HBV and/or HCV in HIV-positive patients in China and explore variations in prevalence. Methods The Medicine, Web of Science, Chinese Web of Knowledge, and Wanfang databases were searched using a search strategy combining key words and related disease-specific subject terms to identify relevant cohort or cross-sectional studies published up to April 2019. Included articles were assessed for quality. Pooled prevalence and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated according to study region and other specific characteristics. Results Our searches identified 7843 records, but only 66 studies were included in our meta-analysis. The pooled HBsAg prevalence in HIV-positive patients was 13.7% (95% CI 12.3–15.3%), with variations found in terms of age and geographic region. The meta-HCV prevalence was 24.7% (95% CI 19.3–30.5%), which varied over the study period and age. The pooled HBV-HCV coinfection prevalence was 3.5% (95% CI 2.4–4.8%), with variations found in terms of age and geographic region. Conclusion Given the high burden of HBV and HCV coinfections in HIV-positive patients, the incorporation of comprehensive screening, treatment, prevention, and vaccination programs into general HIV management in China is imperative.
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