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Tytuł pozycji:

Exposure to secondhand smoke among school-going adolescents in Malaysia: Findings from the tobacco and e-cigarettes survey among Malaysian adolescents (TECMA)

Tytuł :
Exposure to secondhand smoke among school-going adolescents in Malaysia: Findings from the tobacco and e-cigarettes survey among Malaysian adolescents (TECMA)
Autorzy :
Miaw Y. J. Ling
Kuang H. Lim
Wan Shakira R. Hasani
Halizah M. Rifin
Nur Liana A. Majid
Tania G. R. Lourdes
Thamil A. Saminathan
Ying Y. Chan
Ahzairin Ahmad
Hasimah Ismail
Muhammad Fadhli M. Yusoff
Pokaż więcej
Temat :
secondhand smoke
home
school-going adolescents
outside the home
nationwide study
Diseases of the respiratory system
RC705-779
Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology. Including cancer and carcinogens
RC254-282
Źródło :
Tobacco Induced Diseases, Vol 18, Iss November, Pp 1-11 (2020)
Wydawca :
European Publishing, 2020.
Rok publikacji :
2020
Kolekcja :
LCC:Diseases of the respiratory system
LCC:Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology. Including cancer and carcinogens
Typ dokumentu :
article
Opis pliku :
electronic resource
Język :
English
ISSN :
1617-9625
Relacje :
http://www.journalssystem.com/tid/Exposure-to-second-hand-smoke-among-school-going-adolescents-in-Malaysia-findings,128622,0,2.html; https://doaj.org/toc/1617-9625
DOI :
10.18332/tid/128622
Dostęp URL :
https://doaj.org/article/f9469618bdcd4e8382eda3ca3f80b053
Numer akcesji :
edsdoj.f9469618bdcd4e8382eda3ca3f80b053
Czasopismo naukowe
Introduction Many studies have revealed that exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) substantially increases the risk of smoking related diseases especially among the vulnerable groups, yet data on the location of SHS exposure among youth in Malaysia are still lacking. The study aims to describe the prevalence and factors associated with SHS exposure at home, outside the home, and inside the school among school-going adolescents in Malaysia. Methods We derived the data from the TECMA study, which used a cross-sectional study design and multi-stage sampling method to obtain a representative sample of school-going adolescents aged 11–19 years in Malaysia in 2016. Data were collected through a self-administered approach using a pre-validated standard questionnaire. Descriptive and multivariate analyses were used to analyze the data, and results are presented as adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Results SHS exposure for the past seven days was higher outside the home (51.2%; 95% CI: 49.2–53.2) compared to at home (37.8%; 95% CI: 35.8–39.9) while 27.3% (95% CI: 25.1–29.5) of school-going adolescents reported exposure to SHS inside the school in the past one month. In the regression analyses, older adolescents, those of Malay and Bumiputra Sarawak ethnicities, adolescents from rural areas and current smokers had higher likelihood of exposure to SHS at home, outside home and inside the school. Our study also found that adolescents who were current smokers had higher odds of being exposed to SHS at home (AOR=2.87; 95% CI: 2.57–3.21), outside the home (AOR=3.46; 95% CI: 3.05–3.92) and in the school (AOR=2.25; 95% CI: 2.01–2.51). Conclusions Health promotion measures should target parents/guardians and household members to reduce SHS exposure among adolescents. In addition, smoke-free regulation should be fully enforced in school. Furthermore, more public places should be designated non-smoking areas to reduce SHS exposure and denormalize smoking behavior.

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