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Tytuł pozycji:

Impact of Social Network Characteristics on Shelter Use Among Street Youth in San Francisco

Tytuł :
Impact of Social Network Characteristics on Shelter Use Among Street Youth in San Francisco
Autorzy :
CHEW NG, Rilene A
MUTH, Stephen Q
AUERSWALD, Colette L
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Temat :
Environnement social
Social environment
Contexto social
Homme
Human
Hombre
Santé publique
Public health
Salud pública
Adolescent
Adolescente
Etude longitudinale
Follow up study
Estudio longitudinal
Milieu urbain
Urban environment
Medio urbano
Réseau social
Social network
Red social
Sans domicile fixe
Homeless
Sin domicilio fijo
Santé mentale
Mental health
Salud mental
Service santé
Health service
Servicio sanidad
Utilisation
Use
Uso
Centre d'hébergement
Temporary shelter
Centro de alojamiento
Homeless youth
Shelter utilization
Shelters
Social networks
Street youth
Sciences biologiques et medicales
Biological and medical sciences
Sciences medicales
Medical sciences
Psychopathologie. Psychiatrie
Psychopathology. Psychiatry
Psychiatrie sociale. Ethnopsychiatrie
Social psychiatry. Ethnopsychiatry
Organisation de la santé mentale. Systèmes de santé
Organization of mental health. Health systems
Psychologie. Psychanalyse. Psychiatrie
Psychology. Psychoanalysis. Psychiatry
PSYCHOPATHOLOGIE. PSYCHIATRIE
Pediatrics
Pédiatrie
Psychology, psychopathology, psychiatry
Psychologie, psychopathologie, psychiatrie
Źródło :
Journal of adolescent health. 53(3):381-386
Wydawca :
New York, NY: Elsevier, 2013.
Rok publikacji :
2013
Opis fizyczny :
print; 6; 40 ref
Materiał oryginalny :
INIST-CNRS
Typ dokumentu :
Article
Opis pliku :
text
Język :
English
Afiliacje autora :
University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health, Berkeley, California, United States
Quintus-ential Solutions, Colorado Springs, Colorado, United States
Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of California at San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California, United States
UC Berkeley―UC San Francisco Joint Medical Program, University of California Berkeley School of Public Health, Berkeley, California, United States
ISSN :
1054-139X
Dostęp URL :
http://pascal-francis.inist.fr/vibad/index.php?action=search&terms=27652444
Prawa :
Copyright 2015 INIST-CNRS
CC BY 4.0
Sauf mention contraire ci-dessus, le contenu de cette notice bibliographique peut être utilisé dans le cadre d’une licence CC BY 4.0 Inist-CNRS / Unless otherwise stated above, the content of this bibliographic record may be used under a CC BY 4.0 licence by Inist-CNRS / A menos que se haya señalado antes, el contenido de este registro bibliográfico puede ser utilizado al amparo de una licencia CC BY 4.0 Inist-CNRS
Numer akcesji :
edsfra.27652444
Czasopismo naukowe
Purpose: We examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal association between social network characteristics and street youths' shelter use, a determinant of health outcomes for homeless youth. Methods: We analyzed interview data from 138 street youth recruited through venue-based sampling in San Francisco, to assess the cross-sectional relationship between shelter use in youths' social networks and youths' reported shelter use. We also assessed the relationship between baseline network shelter use and shelter use at 6-month follow-up. Results: Low proportions of street youth reported shelter use at baseline (38%) and follow-up (29.6%). Twenty-nine (26.9%) youth were in networks with shelter users at baseline, compared with 17 youth (15.7%) at follow-up. In cross-sectional analysis, youth in networks with shelter users had 5-fold increased odds of reporting shelter use (OR: 5.86, p = .006). A 1-person increase in the number of network shelter users was associated with 2-fold increased odds of youths' shelter use (OR: 2.16, p = .02). In longitudinal analysis, youth in networks with shelter users at baseline had nearly 5-fold increased odds of shelter use at follow-up (OR: 4.95, p = .01). A 1-person increase in the number of network shelter users at baseline was associated with 3-fold increased odds of shelter use at follow-up (OR: 3.15, p = .004). Conclusion: Shelter users seem to cluster together. Shelter use by extended network members was associated with increased odds of youths' own shelter use. Understanding how network behaviors influence street youths' health-related behaviors, such as shelter use, could inform network-based interventions encouraging service uptake among marginalized and hard-to-reach street youth populations.

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