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Tytuł pozycji:

Biology as a Technology of Social Justice in Interwar Britain: Arguments from Evolutionary History, Heredity, and Human Diversity

Tytuł :
Biology as a Technology of Social Justice in Interwar Britain: Arguments from Evolutionary History, Heredity, and Human Diversity
Autorzy :
SOMMER, Marianne
M'CHAREK, Amade
SCHRAMM, Katharina
SKINNER, David
International Conference Technologies of Belonging: Biology, Race and Ethnicity in Europe(Amsterdam, ; 2011-06)
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Temat :
Biologie
Biology
Discipline scientifique
Academic Discipline
Engagement politique
Political Commitment
Entre deux guerres
Interwar
Gouvernance
Governance
Inégalité
Inequality
Justice sociale
Social Justice
Pouvoir
Power
Technologie
Technology
academic disciplines and traditions
alternative life forms
engagement
expertise
futures
governance
inequality
intervention
justice
politics
power
protest
Sociologie
Sociology
Sociologie politique
Political sociology
Comportement politique
Political behaviour
Sociologie de la connaissance et de la culture
Sociology of knowledge and sociology of culture
Sociologie de la connaissance et de la vie morale
Sociology of knowledge and ethics
Sociologie de la technique
Sociology of technology
History of science technology
Histoire des sciences et des techniques
Źródło :
Technologies of BelongingScience, technology, & human values. 39(4):561-586
Wydawca :
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2014.
Rok publikacji :
2014
Opis fizyczny :
print; 26; 2 p.3/4
Materiał oryginalny :
INIST-CNRS
Typ dokumentu :
Conference Paper
Opis pliku :
text
Język :
English
Afiliacje autora :
University of Lucerne, Department of Cultural and Science Studies, Lucerne, Switzerland
University of Amsterdam, OZ Achterburgwal 185, Amsterdam, 1012 DK, Netherlands
Martin Luther Universität, Halle-Wittenberg, Germany
Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, United Kingdom
ISSN :
0162-2439
Dostęp URL :
http://pascal-francis.inist.fr/vibad/index.php?action=search&terms=28811376
Prawa :
Copyright 2015 INIST-CNRS
CC BY 4.0
Sauf mention contraire ci-dessus, le contenu de cette notice bibliographique peut être utilisé dans le cadre d’une licence CC BY 4.0 Inist-CNRS / Unless otherwise stated above, the content of this bibliographic record may be used under a CC BY 4.0 licence by Inist-CNRS / A menos que se haya señalado antes, el contenido de este registro bibliográfico puede ser utilizado al amparo de una licencia CC BY 4.0 Inist-CNRS
Numer akcesji :
edsfra.28811376
Konferencja
In this article, I am concerned with the public engagements of Julian Huxley, Lancelot Hogben, and J. B. S. Haldane. I analyze how they used the new insights into the genetics of heredity to argue against any biological foundations for antidemocratic ideologies, be it Nazism, Stalinism, or the British laissez-faire and class system. The most striking fact—considering the abuse of biological knowledge they contested—is that these biologists presented genetics itself as inherently democratic. Arguing from genetics, they developed an understanding of diversity that cuts across divisions of race, class, or gender. Human diversity rightly understood was advantageous for societal progress. Huxley, Hogben, and Haldane did not hold identical political ideals, but they all argued for democratic reforms and increased planning geared toward greater social equality, and they did so under the label of scientific humanism. Huxley took issue with the notion that evolutionary history does not carry any moral lessons for human societies. Rather than being its antithesis, evolution was the basis of human sociality. In fact, the entire future progress of individuals and communities toward a democratic world order needed to be founded on the cosmic principles of evolution—a process that had to be guided by the biological expert with a strong sense of social responsibility.

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