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Tytuł pozycji:

Importance of tRNALys,3 structure and use in gag translation for primer selection required for replication of human immunodeficiency virus type I

Tytuł :
Importance of tRNALys,3 structure and use in gag translation for primer selection required for replication of human immunodeficiency virus type I
Index Terms :
HIV-1 -- genetics HIV-1 -- physiology Mutation -- genetics RNA, Transfer, Amino Acyl -- genetics Virus Replication -- genetics
Text
Źródło :
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Alabama at Birmingham, 2007
Wydawca :
University of Alabama at Birmingham. Graduate School. 2007
Dodane szczegóły :
Morrow, Casey D.
Burrows, Peter Chang, Chenbei Collawn, Jim Engler, Jeffrey
Yu, Wanfeng
Typ dokumentu :
Zasób elektroniczny
URL :
http://contentdm.mhsl.uab.edu/cdm/ref/collection/etd/id/306">http://contentdm.mhsl.uab.edu/cdm/ref/collection/etd/id/306
http://worldcat.org/search?q=on:ABC+http://contentdm.mhsl.uab.edu/oai/oai.php+etd+CNTCOLL">http://worldcat.org/search?q=on:ABC+http://contentdm.mhsl.uab.edu/oai/oai.php+etd+CNTCOLL
http://worldcat.org/oclc/878068681/viewonline">http://worldcat.org/oclc/878068681/viewonline
Pozostałe numery :
ABC oai:contentdm.mhsl.uab.edu:etd/306
878068681
Źródło wspomagające :
UNIV OF ALABAMA, BIRMINGHAM
From OAIster®, provided by the OCLC Cooperative.
Numer akcesji :
edsoai.ocn878068681
Zasób elektroniczny
Ph.D.
x, 118 p. : ill., digital, PDF file
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Alabama at Birmingham, 2007
Cell Biology
Joint Health Sciences
tRNALys,3 Gag Primer selection HIV 1
UNRESTRICTED
The features of tRNALys,3 that dictate why human immunodeficiency virus exclu-sively selects this tRNA as the primer for initiation of reverse transcription is unknown. The post-transcriptional modification at nucleotide 58 in the T??C stem-loop could play a role during plus-strand synthesis to stop reverse transcriptase from re-copying the tRNA primer. Nucleotides 53 and 54 within the T??C stem loop of the tRNA have been shown to be important to form the complex between tRNA and the HIV-1 viral genome during initiation of reverse transcription. To further delineate the features of the T??C stem loop in tRNALys,3 in reverse transcription, we used a complementation system in which E.coli tRNALys,3 is provided in trans to a mutated HIV-1 genome in which the PBS is comple-mentary to this tRNA to ascertain the effects that different mutants in the T??C stem loop of tRNALys,3 have on complementation. Alteration of nucleotide 58 from A to U (A58U), T54G and TG5453CC all resulted in tRNALys,3 that was aminoacylated when expressed in cells, while a T54C mutation resulted in a tRNALys,3 that was not aminoacylated. Both the A58U and T54G mutated tRNALys,3 complemented HIV-1 replication similar to wild type E.coli tRNALys,3, but the TG5453CC tRNALys,3 mutant did not complement replica-tion, thus, post-transcriptional modification of nucleotide 58 in tRNALys,3 is not essential for HIV-1 reverse transcription. In contrast, nucleotides 53 and 54 of tRNALys,3 are im-portant for aminoacylation and selection and use of the tRNALys,3 in reverse transcription. iii My research also focused on the link between the process of primer selection and lysine codon use in Gag. Proviral genomes were created in which the five codons specif-ic for lysines prior to the Gag-pol junction were altered to be specific for tRNALys,3 or tRNALys1,2. Greater amounts of infectious virus were produced using the in trans com-plementation system in which the five codons were specific for tRNALys,3 compared to

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