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Tytuł pozycji:

Scientific Reasoning and Achievement in a High School English Course.

Tytuł :
Scientific Reasoning and Achievement in a High School English Course.
Autorzy :
Kral, E. A.
Źródło :
Skeptical Inquirer, v21 n3 p34-39 May-Jun 1997. 7 pp.
Dostępność :
 
Recenzowane naukowo :
N/A
Data publikacji :
1997
Deskryptory :
Academic Achievement, Classroom Research, Course Descriptions, Deduction, English Instruction, Grade 12, High Schools, Instructional Effectiveness, Learning Theories, Models, Scientific Methodology, Student Development, Thinking Skills
Keyword :
Nebraska (Grand Island)
Język :
English
Liczba stron :
7
Typ publikacji :
Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Research
Data wpisu :
1997
Numer akcesji :
ED406691
Czasopismo naukowe
A Piagetian-based, systematic instructional theory developed by A. E. Lawson was used as a reasoning model in a 12th-grade English course at Grand Island Senior High in Grand Island, Nebraska, from 1982 to 1991. The thinking patterns that comprised the hypothetical-deductive stage of human intellectual development used in the course were combinatorial thinking, identification and control of variables, proportional thinking, probabilistic thinking, and correlational thinking. The development of hypothetical-deductive thinking can be stimulated through self-regulation, in which a person actively searches for relationships and patterns to resolve contradictions and bring coherence to a new set of experiences. Systematic instruction included various teaching behaviors and procedures, inquiry-oriented methods, and the learning cycle. The curriculum of the course contained literature and composition activities normally expected in a traditional course. The activities were restructured in the form of 18 learning cycles. A 3-year study of control and experimental groups using a pretest and posttest design included results of the American College Test and a specially designed questionnaire. Results indicated that the hypothetical-deductive reasoning pattern can be embedded into and successfully transferred across various curricula with a measurable improvement both in reasoning and subject-matter achievement. (Contains 11 references, and 4 tables and 1 figure of data.) (RS)

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