J. R. Kantor introduced his interbehavioral psychology or interbehaviorism in the early 20th century. One major mark of interbehaviorism is the view of psychological behavior as mutually interdependent functions of stimulus objects and response occurrences. In this, the foundations of any behavior are represented by stimulus ↔ response. This paper explores the similarities between Kantor's stimulus-response interaction and Dewey's (1896) sensori-motor circuit, which was his proposed alternative to the reflex arc. The paper begins by discussing Kantor's (1917) dissertation at the University of Chicago as a functional study of the verbal behavior of philosophers. It then examines Dewey's (1896) sensori-motor circuit and critique of the reflex arc. Afterward, it describes Kantor's concepts of stimulus function and response function. Lastly, it brings together Kantor and Dewey, juxtaposing their positions. The paper concludes by putting Kantor and Dewey in context, considering the importance of stimulus ↔ response for the science of psychology. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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