Located in Central Europe, Austria (German: Österreich, or "eastern realm") is both one of the oldest and youngest European countries. Austria was originally established in the Middle Ages as a "march" or border province of the Holy Roman Empire. The modern Republic of Austria, a landlocked nation, was established following World War I after the breakup of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which had included the now-independent countries of Slovenia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary.
Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2021. 5p.