Biotechnology can be defined as the use of living organisms to achieve human goals; in this sense, humans have used biotechnology throughout history to provide themselves with such things as food, clothing, shelter, cosmetics, and medicine. Starting around 10,000 b.c.e., humans began to alter the genetic makeup of the plants and animals that they used by artificially selecting certain traits in the crops and livestock that they were breeding. Because farmers lived in different areas around the... więcej
Salem Press Encyclopedia of Science, 2020. 4p.