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Wyszukujesz frazę ""Multiple Sclerosis"" wg kryterium: Temat


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Tytuł :
Real-world effectiveness and safety of fingolimod in patients with multiple sclerosis in the Czech Republic: results from core and extension parts of the GOLEMS study up to 48 months.
Autorzy :
Tichá V; MS Center, Department of Neurology and Center of Clinical Neuroscience, First Faculty of Medicine and General University Hospital in Prague, Charles University, Katerinska 30, 12000 Praha 2, Prague, Czech Republic. .
Počíková Z; Novartis s.r.o., Prague, Czech Republic.
Vytlačil J; Novartis s.r.o., Prague, Czech Republic.
Štěpánová R; ANOVA CRO s.r.o., Zelená 2002/21a, 160 00 Prague 6 - Dejvice, Prague, Czech Republic.
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Źródło :
BMC neurology [BMC Neurol] 2022 Apr 15; Vol. 22 (1), pp. 143. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Apr 15.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Observational Study
MeSH Terms :
Fingolimod Hydrochloride*/adverse effects
Fingolimod Hydrochloride*/therapeutic use
Immunosuppressive Agents*/adverse effects
Immunosuppressive Agents*/therapeutic use
Multiple Sclerosis*/drug therapy
Multiple Sclerosis*/epidemiology
Czech Republic/epidemiology ; Humans ; Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/drug therapy ; Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/epidemiology ; Recurrence ; Treatment Outcome
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
T-Cell Response against Varicella Zoster Virus in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis during Relapse and Remission.
Autorzy :
Pérez-Saldívar M; Department of Infectomics and Molecular Pathogenesis, Center for Research and Advanced Studies (Cinvestav), Mexico City 07360, Mexico.
Ordoñez G; Department of Neuroimmunology, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery 'Manuel Velasco Suarez' (INNN), Mexico City 14269, Mexico.
Pineda B; Department of Neuroimmunology, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery 'Manuel Velasco Suarez' (INNN), Mexico City 14269, Mexico.
Sotelo J; Department of Neuroimmunology, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery 'Manuel Velasco Suarez' (INNN), Mexico City 14269, Mexico.
Martínez-Palomo A; Department of Infectomics and Molecular Pathogenesis, Center for Research and Advanced Studies (Cinvestav), Mexico City 07360, Mexico.
Flores-Rivera J; Clinical Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery 'Manuel Velasco Suarez' (INNN), Mexico City 14269, Mexico.
Espinosa-Cantellano M; Department of Infectomics and Molecular Pathogenesis, Center for Research and Advanced Studies (Cinvestav), Mexico City 07360, Mexico.
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Źródło :
International journal of molecular sciences [Int J Mol Sci] 2021 Dec 28; Vol. 23 (1). Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Dec 28.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
Herpesvirus 3, Human/*physiology
Multiple Sclerosis/*immunology
Multiple Sclerosis/*virology
T-Lymphocytes/*immunology
Adenoviridae/physiology ; Adult ; Antibodies, Viral/immunology ; Cytokines/metabolism ; Female ; Herpesvirus 3, Human/immunology ; Herpesvirus 4, Human/immunology ; Herpesvirus 4, Human/physiology ; Humans ; Immunoglobulin G/blood ; Immunoglobulin M/blood ; Male ; Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/immunology ; Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/virology ; Recurrence ; Remission Induction
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Melanoma Cell Adhesion Molecule Expressing Helper T Cells in CNS Inflammatory Demyelinating Diseases.
Autorzy :
Ikeguchi R; From the Department of Neurology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Japan.
Shimizu Y; From the Department of Neurology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Japan. .
Kondo A; From the Department of Neurology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Japan.
Kanda N; From the Department of Neurology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Japan.
So H; From the Department of Neurology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Japan.
Kojima H; From the Department of Neurology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Japan.
Kitagawa K; From the Department of Neurology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Japan.
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Źródło :
Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation [Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm] 2021 Aug 24; Vol. 8 (6). Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Aug 24 (Print Publication: 2021).
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
Multiple Sclerosis*/blood
Multiple Sclerosis*/cerebrospinal fluid
Multiple Sclerosis*/immunology
Multiple Sclerosis*/metabolism
Neuromyelitis Optica*/blood
Neuromyelitis Optica*/cerebrospinal fluid
Neuromyelitis Optica*/immunology
T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/*metabolism
Adult ; Aged ; CD146 Antigen/metabolism ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/blood ; Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/cerebrospinal fluid ; Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/immunology ; Myasthenia Gravis/blood ; Myasthenia Gravis/cerebrospinal fluid ; Myasthenia Gravis/immunology ; Young Adult
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Risk of Getting COVID-19 in People With Multiple Sclerosis: A Case-Control Study.
Autorzy :
Iaffaldano P; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Lucisano G; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Manni A; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Paolicelli D; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Patti F; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Capobianco M; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Brescia Morra V; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Sola P; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Pesci I; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Lus G; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
De Luca G; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Lugaresi A; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Cavalla P; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Montepietra S; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Maniscalco GT; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Granella F; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Ragonese P; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Vianello M; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Brambilla L; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Totaro R; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Toscano S; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Malucchi S; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Petracca M; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Moiola L; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Ferraro D; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Lepore V; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Mosconi P; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Ponzio M; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Tedeschi G; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Comi G; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Battaglia MA; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Filippi M; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Amato MP; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy.
Trojano M; From the Department of Basic Medical Sciences (P.I., G.L., A.M., D.P., M.T.), Neurosciences and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro; CORESEARCH (G.L.), Pescara; Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche e Tecnologie Avanzate (F.P., S.T.), GF Ingrassia, Sez. Neuroscienze, Centro Sclerosi Multipla, Università di Catania; SCDO Neurologia e Centro di Riferimento Regionale Sclerosi Multipla (CRESM) (M.C., S.M.), AOU San Luigi-Orbassano (TO); Department of Neurosciences (V.B.M., M.P.), Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, 'Federico II' University of Naples; Centro malattie Demielinizzanti (P.S.), Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena/OCB, UO Neurologia; Centro SM UO Neurologia, Ospedale Di Vaio (I.P.), Fidenza, AUSL PR; Multiple Sclerosis Center (G. Lus), II Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (G.D.L.), Clinica Neurologica, Policlinico SS. Annunziata, Chieti; IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna (A.L.), UOSI Riabilitazione Sclerosi Multipla, Bologna; Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Neuromotorie (A.L.), Università di Bologna; Centro SM (P.C.)-Neurologia 1 D.U.-AOU Citta' Della Salute E Della Scienza Di Torino; Centro SM (S.M.), S.O.C. Neurologia, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova, AUSL-IRCCS Reggio Emilia; Neurological Clinic and Multiple Sclerosis Center (G.T.M.), A Cardarelli Hospital, Naples; Centro Sclerosi Multipla (F.G.), Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Parma; Department of Biomedicine (P.R.), Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics, University of Palermo; Centro Sclerosi Multipla UO Neurologia-Ospedale (M.V.), Treviso; Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico 'C. Besta' U.O. Neuroimmunologia e Malattie Neuromuscolari (L.B.); Centro Malattie Demielinizzanti (R.T.), Clinica Neurologica, Ospedale San Salvatore-L'Aquila; Dipartimento di Neurologia (L.M., M.F.), Neurofisiologia e Neuroriabilitazione, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; Department of Biomedical (D.F.), Metabolic and Neurosciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia; Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS (V.L., P.M.), Milano, Italy; Scientific Research Area (M.P.), Italian Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, Genoa; First Division of Neurology (G.T.), Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, MRI Research Center SUN-FISM, AOU, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli,' Naples; Institute of Experimental Neurology (G.C.), IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan; Department of Life Sciences (M.A.B.), University of Siena; Department NEUROFARBA (M.P.A.), University of Florence; and IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi (M.P.A.), Florence, Italy. .
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Corporate Authors :
Italian MS Register
Źródło :
Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation [Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm] 2022 Jan 19; Vol. 9 (2). Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Jan 19 (Print Publication: 2022).
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19/*epidemiology
Immunosuppressive Agents/*therapeutic use
Multiple Sclerosis/*epidemiology
Adult ; Age Factors ; Case-Control Studies ; Dimethyl Fumarate/therapeutic use ; Female ; Fingolimod Hydrochloride/therapeutic use ; Glatiramer Acetate/therapeutic use ; Humans ; Interferon-beta/therapeutic use ; Italy/epidemiology ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Multiple Sclerosis/drug therapy ; Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive/drug therapy ; Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive/epidemiology ; Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/drug therapy ; Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/epidemiology ; Natalizumab/therapeutic use ; Odds Ratio ; Risk Factors ; SARS-CoV-2 ; Severity of Illness Index ; Sex Factors ; Time Factors
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Experiences in treatment of multiple sclerosis with natalizumab from a real-life cohort over 15 years.
Autorzy :
Auer M; Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstraße 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria. .
Zinganell A; Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstraße 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.
Hegen H; Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstraße 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.
Bsteh G; Department of Neurology, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Wien, Austria.
Di Pauli F; Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstraße 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.
Berek K; Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstraße 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.
Fava E; Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstraße 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.
Wurth S; Department of Neurology, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 22, 8036, Graz, Austria.
Berger T; Department of Neurology, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Wien, Austria.
Deisenhammer F; Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstraße 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria.
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Źródło :
Scientific reports [Sci Rep] 2021 Dec 02; Vol. 11 (1), pp. 23317. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Dec 02.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
Multiple Sclerosis/*drug therapy
Natalizumab/*therapeutic use
Adult ; Disease Progression ; Drug Substitution ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive/etiology ; Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive/prevention & control ; Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/etiology ; Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/prevention & control ; Recurrence ; Retrospective Studies ; Risk Factors ; Time Factors ; Withholding Treatment
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Reduction in Fatigue Symptoms Following the Administration of Nutritional Supplements in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis.
Autorzy :
Ferorelli P; Scientific Research Institute 'CRSC', 20100 Milan, Italy.
Antonelli F; Scientific Association 'ARSS', 00100 Rome, Italy.
Shevchenko A; Department of Pharmacology, Kabardine University, 101000 Nalchik, Russia.
Mischiati C; Department of Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, University of Ferrara, 44100 Ferrara, Italy.
Doepp M; Department of Psychology and Sports Science, Giessen Justus, Liebig University Gießen, 35398 Gießen, Germany.
Lenzi S; Department of Health Engineering, Université Européenne de Bruxelles Jean Monnet, Schaerbeek, 1030 Brussels, Belgium.
Borromeo I; Department of Physics, University of Tor Vergata, 00100 Rome, Italy.
Feriotto G; Department of Chemical, Pharmaceutical and Agricultural Sciences, University of Ferrara, 44100 Ferrara, Italy.
Beninati S; Department of Biology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica, 00100 Rome, Italy.
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Źródło :
Medical sciences (Basel, Switzerland) [Med Sci (Basel)] 2021 Jul 20; Vol. 9 (3). Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jul 20.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
Multiple Sclerosis*/complications
Dietary Supplements ; Fatigue/etiology ; Humans ; Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive ; Quality of Life
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Hepatotoxicity associated with the use of teriflunomide in a patient with multiple sclerosis: A case report.
Autorzy :
Ferreira CM; Pharmacy Post-Graduation Program, Faculty Pharmaceutical Sciences, Food and Nutrition, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande - MS, Brazil.; Pharmacy School Profª Ana Maria Cervantes Baraza, Faculty Pharmaceutical Sciences, Food and Nutrition, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande - MS, Brazil.
Vasconcelos-Pereira EF; Pharmacy School Profª Ana Maria Cervantes Baraza, Faculty Pharmaceutical Sciences, Food and Nutrition, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande - MS, Brazil.
Oliveira VM; Pharmacy School Profª Ana Maria Cervantes Baraza, Faculty Pharmaceutical Sciences, Food and Nutrition, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande - MS, Brazil.
Salgado PR; Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande - MS, Brazil.
Domingos JA; Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande - MS, Brazil.
Monreal MTFD; Pharmacy School Profª Ana Maria Cervantes Baraza, Faculty Pharmaceutical Sciences, Food and Nutrition, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande - MS, Brazil.
Guerra-Shinohara EM; Pharmacy Post-Graduation Program, Faculty Pharmaceutical Sciences, Food and Nutrition, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande - MS, Brazil.
Gubert VT; Pharmacy Post-Graduation Program, Faculty Pharmaceutical Sciences, Food and Nutrition, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande - MS, Brazil.; Pharmacy School Profª Ana Maria Cervantes Baraza, Faculty Pharmaceutical Sciences, Food and Nutrition, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande - MS, Brazil.
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Źródło :
Medicine [Medicine (Baltimore)] 2021 Dec 23; Vol. 100 (51), pp. e28246.
Typ publikacji :
Case Reports; Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury*
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions*
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting*/drug therapy
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/*adverse effects
Crotonates/*adverse effects
Hydroxybutyrates/*adverse effects
Multiple Sclerosis/*drug therapy
Nitriles/*adverse effects
Toluidines/*adverse effects
Adult ; Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use ; Crotonates/therapeutic use ; Female ; Humans ; Hydroxybutyrates/therapeutic use ; Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects ; Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use ; Nitriles/therapeutic use ; Toluidines/therapeutic use ; Treatment Outcome
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Predicting disability worsening in relapsing and progressive multiple sclerosis.
Autorzy :
Simmons SB; Mellen Center for Multiple Sclerosis, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
Schippling S; Multimodal Imaging in Neuroimmunological Diseases (MINDS), University Hospital and University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
Giovannoni G; Queen Mary University London, Blizard Institute, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK.
Ontaneda D; Mellen Center for Multiple Sclerosis, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
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Źródło :
Current opinion in neurology [Curr Opin Neurol] 2021 Jun 01; Vol. 34 (3), pp. 312-321.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Review
MeSH Terms :
Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive*
Atrophy ; Disability Evaluation ; Disease Progression ; Humans ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting ; Nervous System Malformations ; Recurrence
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Cytotoxic B Cells in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis Patients.
Autorzy :
Boldrini VO; Autoimmune Research Laboratory, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.; Neuroimmunology Unit, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
Marques AM; Autoimmune Research Laboratory, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
Quintiliano RPS; Neuroimmunology Unit, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
Moraes AS; Neuroimmunology Unit, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
Stella CRAV; Neuroimmunology Unit, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.; Department of Neurology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
Longhini ALF; Neuroimmunology Unit, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.; Department of Immunology and Rheumatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, United States.
Santos I; Neuroimmunology Unit, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
Andrade M; Neuroimmunology Unit, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
Ferrari B; Neuroimmunology Unit, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
Damasceno A; Department of Neurology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
Carneiro RPD; Neuroimmunology Unit, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.; MS Clinic of Santa Casa de São Paulo (CATEM), Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericordia de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
Brandão CO; Neuroimmunology Unit, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.; Department of Neurology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
Farias AS; Autoimmune Research Laboratory, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.; Neuroimmunology Unit, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.; National Institute of Science and Technology on Neuroimmunomodulation (INCT-NIM), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.; Experimental Medicine Research Cluster (EMRC), São Paulo, Brazil.
Santos LMB; Neuroimmunology Unit, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.; National Institute of Science and Technology on Neuroimmunomodulation (INCT-NIM), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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Źródło :
Frontiers in immunology [Front Immunol] 2022 Feb 07; Vol. 13, pp. 750660. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Feb 07 (Print Publication: 2022).
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/*drug therapy
Adult ; Antigens, CD19/therapeutic use ; Antigens, CD20 ; B-Lymphocytes/metabolism ; Female ; Fingolimod Hydrochloride/therapeutic use ; Glatiramer Acetate/therapeutic use ; Humans ; Interferon-beta/therapeutic use ; Lymphocyte Count ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Multiple Sclerosis/drug therapy ; Natalizumab/therapeutic use ; Peptides ; T-Lymphocytes
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Real-world application of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in 507 patients with multiple sclerosis.
Autorzy :
Burt RK; Division of Immunotherapy, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA. .
Han X; Division of Immunotherapy, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.
Quigley K; Division of Immunotherapy, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.
Helenowski IB; Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.
Balabanov R; Department of Neurology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.
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Źródło :
Journal of neurology [J Neurol] 2022 May; Vol. 269 (5), pp. 2513-2526. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Oct 11.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation*/methods
Hyperthyroidism*
Multiple Sclerosis*/complications
Multiple Sclerosis*/therapy
Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive*/diagnosis
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting*/therapy
Disease Progression ; Humans ; Transplantation, Autologous
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Difficulty in identification of patients with active secondary progressive multiple sclerosis by clinical classification tools.
Autorzy :
Klinsing S; Department of Neurology, University Hospital Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Yalachkov Y; Department of Neurology, University Hospital Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Foerch C; Department of Neurology, University Hospital Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
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Źródło :
European journal of neurology [Eur J Neurol] 2022 Apr; Vol. 29 (4), pp. 1100-1105. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Jan 05.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
Multiple Sclerosis*
Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive*/diagnostic imaging
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting*/diagnostic imaging
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting*/therapy
Delivery of Health Care ; Disease Progression ; Humans ; Recurrence
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
MRI brain volume loss, lesion burden, and clinical outcome in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis.
Autorzy :
Koch MW; Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada/Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
Mostert J; Department of Neurology, Rijnstate Hospital, Arnhem, The Netherlands.
Repovic P; Multiple Sclerosis Center, Swedish Neuroscience Institute, Seattle, WA, USA.
Bowen JD; Multiple Sclerosis Center, Swedish Neuroscience Institute, Seattle, WA, USA.
Strijbis E; Department of Neurology, MS Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Uitdehaag B; Department of Neurology, MS Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Cutter G; Department of Biostatistics, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.
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Źródło :
Multiple sclerosis (Houndmills, Basingstoke, England) [Mult Scler] 2022 Apr; Vol. 28 (4), pp. 561-572. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jul 26.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
MeSH Terms :
Multiple Sclerosis*/complications
Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive*/complications
Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive*/diagnostic imaging
Brain/diagnostic imaging ; Disability Evaluation ; Humans ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Efficacy and safety of ocrelizumab in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis with suboptimal response to prior disease-modifying therapies: A primary analysis from the phase 3b CASTING single-arm, open-label trial.
Autorzy :
Vermersch P; Univ. Lille, Inserm U1172 LilNCog, CHU Lille, FHU Precise, Lille, France.
Oreja-Guevara C; Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain.
Siva A; Istanbul University Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.
Van Wijmeersch B; University MS Centre, Pelt, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium.
Wiendl H; Department of Neurology with Institute of Translational Neurology, University of Münster, Münster, Germany.
Wuerfel J; Medical Image Analysis Center (MIAC AG), Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
Buffels R; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Basel, Switzerland.
Kadner K; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Basel, Switzerland.
Kuenzel T; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Basel, Switzerland.
Comi G; Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan Casa di Cura del Policlinico, Milan, Italy.
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Corporate Authors :
CASTING Investigators
Źródło :
European journal of neurology [Eur J Neurol] 2022 Mar; Vol. 29 (3), pp. 790-801. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Nov 25.
Typ publikacji :
Clinical Trial, Phase III; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
Multiple Sclerosis*
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting*/diagnostic imaging
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting*/drug therapy
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/adverse effects ; Humans ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; Prospective Studies
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Economic impact of the new oral treatments for multiple sclerosis.
Autorzy :
Álvarez Ayuso L; Servicio de Farmacia Hospitalaria, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Majadahonda, Madrid, España. Electronic address: .
Rodríguez Marrodán B; Servicio de Farmacia Hospitalaria, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Majadahonda, Madrid, España.
Blasco Quílez MR; Unidad de Neuroinmunología, Servicio de Neurología, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Majadahonda, Madrid, España.
García-Merino JA; Unidad de Neuroinmunología, Servicio de Neurología, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Majadahonda, Madrid, España.
Sánchez Guerrero A; Servicio de Farmacia Hospitalaria, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, Majadahonda, Madrid, España.
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Transliterated Title :
Impacto económico de las nuevas terapias orales en esclerosis múltiple.
Źródło :
Neurologia (Barcelona, Spain) [Neurologia (Engl Ed)] 2021 Mar; Vol. 36 (2), pp. 95-100. Date of Electronic Publication: 2018 Jan 11.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Observational Study
MeSH Terms :
Immunosuppressive Agents*/economics
Immunosuppressive Agents*/therapeutic use
Multiple Sclerosis*/drug therapy
Administration, Oral ; Cost-Benefit Analysis ; Dimethyl Fumarate/therapeutic use ; Humans ; Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/drug therapy
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
The dynamics of relapses during treatment switch in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.
Autorzy :
Frascoli F; Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Computing and Engineering Technology, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. Electronic address: .
Roos I; CORe, Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne 3050, VIC, Australia; Melbourne MS Centre, Department of Neurology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, VIC 3050, Australia.
Malpas CB; CORe, Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne 3050, VIC, Australia; Melbourne MS Centre, Department of Neurology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, VIC 3050, Australia.
Kalincik T; CORe, Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne 3050, VIC, Australia; Melbourne MS Centre, Department of Neurology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, VIC 3050, Australia.
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Źródło :
Journal of theoretical biology [J Theor Biol] 2022 May 21; Vol. 541, pp. 111091. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Mar 11.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
Multiple Sclerosis*
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting*/drug therapy
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting*/epidemiology
Humans ; Recurrence
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
The four self-efficacy trajectories among people with multiple sclerosis: Clinical associations and implications.
Autorzy :
Young CA; Walton Centre NHS Trust, Liverpool, UK; University of Liverpool, UK. Electronic address: .
Mills R; Walton Centre NHS Trust, Liverpool, UK; University of Liverpool, UK.
Langdon D; Royal Holloway University of London, UK.
Sharrack B; Academic Department of Neurology and NIHR Translational Neuroscience BRC, University of Sheffield, UK.
Majeed T; Lancashire Teaching Hospitals, Preston, UK.
Kalra S; University Hospital of North Midlands NHS Trust, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.
Footitt D; North Cumbria Integrated Care NHSFT, Carlisle, UK.
Rog D; Manchester Centre for Clinical Neurosciences, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, UK.
Harrower T; University of Exeter, UK.
Nicholas R; Imperial NHS Trust, UK.
Woolmore J; Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, UK.
Thorpe J; North West Anglia NHS Trust, Peterborough, UK.
Hanemann CO; Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth, UK.
Ford H; Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK.
Paling D; Doncaster NHS Trust, UK.
Ellis C; Darent Valley Hospital, UK.
Palace J; University of Oxford, UK.
Constantinescu C; University of Nottingham, UK.
Tennant A; Leeds Institute of Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Leeds, UK.
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Źródło :
Journal of the neurological sciences [J Neurol Sci] 2022 May 15; Vol. 436, pp. 120188. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Feb 18.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
Multiple Sclerosis*/complications
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting*/complications
Female ; Humans ; Longitudinal Studies ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Self Efficacy ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Microstructural white matter abnormalities in multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders: Evaluation by advanced diffusion imaging.
Autorzy :
Kato S; Department of Radiology, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Hagiwara A; Department of Radiology, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Radiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, United States. Electronic address: .
Yokoyama K; Department of Neurology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
Andica C; Department of Radiology, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
Tomizawa Y; Department of Neurology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
Hoshino Y; Department of Neurology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Neurology, Juntendo University Shizuoka Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan.
Uchida W; Department of Radiology, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
Nishimura Y; Department of Radiology, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Radiological Sciences, Graduate School of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, Japan.
Fujita S; Department of Radiology, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Kamagata K; Department of Radiology, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
Hori M; Department of Radiology, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Radiology, Toho University Omori Medical Center, Tokyo, Japan.
Hattori N; Department of Neurology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
Abe O; Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Aoki S; Department of Radiology, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
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Źródło :
Journal of the neurological sciences [J Neurol Sci] 2022 May 15; Vol. 436, pp. 120205. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Feb 24.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
Leukoaraiosis*
Multiple Sclerosis*/pathology
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting*/diagnostic imaging
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting*/pathology
Neuromyelitis Optica*/diagnostic imaging
Neuromyelitis Optica*/pathology
White Matter*/diagnostic imaging
White Matter*/pathology
Diffusion Tensor Imaging/methods ; Humans ; Water
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Disease-modifying therapies and T1 hypointense lesions in patients with multiple sclerosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Autorzy :
Valizadeh A; Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Fattahi MR; Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Sadeghi M; Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Saghab Torbati M; Islamic Azad University of Zahedan, Zahedan, Iran.
Sahraian MA; Multiple Sclerosis Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Azimi AR; Multiple Sclerosis Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
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Źródło :
CNS neuroscience & therapeutics [CNS Neurosci Ther] 2022 May; Vol. 28 (5), pp. 648-657. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Feb 25.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Systematic Review
MeSH Terms :
Multiple Sclerosis*/drug therapy
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting*
Adult ; Humans ; Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Prognostic biomarkers in primary progressive multiple sclerosis: Validating and scrutinizing multimodal evoked potentials.
Autorzy :
Hardmeier M; Department of Neurology, University Hospital Basel, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address: .
Schlaeger R; Department of Neurology, University Hospital Basel, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; Department of Clinical Research, University Hospital Basel, University of Basel, Switzerland.
Lascano AM; Neurology, University Hospital of Geneva (HUG), Geneva, Switzerland.
Toffolet L; Multiple Sclerosis Center (MSC), Department of Neurology, Neurocenter of Southern Switzerland, Lugano, Switzerland.
Schindler C; University of Basel, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland.
Gobbi C; Department of Neurology, University Hospital Basel, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; Multiple Sclerosis Center (MSC), Department of Neurology, Neurocenter of Southern Switzerland, Lugano, Switzerland; Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera Italiana (USI), Lugano, Switzerland.
Lalive P; Neurology, University Hospital of Geneva (HUG), Geneva, Switzerland.
Kuhle J; Department of Neurology, University Hospital Basel, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
Kappos L; Department of Neurology, University Hospital Basel, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
Fuhr P; Department of Neurology, University Hospital Basel, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
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Źródło :
Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology [Clin Neurophysiol] 2022 May; Vol. 137, pp. 152-158. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Mar 07.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
Multiple Sclerosis*
Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive*/diagnosis
Biomarkers ; Disability Evaluation ; Disease Progression ; Evoked Potentials/physiology ; Humans ; Prognosis
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Cortical and white matter lesion topology influences focal corpus callosum atrophy in multiple sclerosis.
Autorzy :
Platten M; Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.; Department of Neuroradiology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.; School of chemistry, biotechnology, and health, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
Ouellette R; Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.; Department of Neuroradiology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Herranz E; Division of Multiple Sclerosis Imaging Laboratory, Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Barletta V; Division of Multiple Sclerosis Imaging Laboratory, Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Treaba CA; Division of Multiple Sclerosis Imaging Laboratory, Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Mainero C; Division of Multiple Sclerosis Imaging Laboratory, Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Granberg T; Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.; Department of Neuroradiology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Pokaż więcej
Źródło :
Journal of neuroimaging : official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging [J Neuroimaging] 2022 May; Vol. 32 (3), pp. 471-479. Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Feb 14.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
Leukoencephalopathies*/pathology
Multiple Sclerosis*/pathology
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting*/pathology
White Matter*/diagnostic imaging
White Matter*/pathology
Atrophy/pathology ; Corpus Callosum/diagnostic imaging ; Corpus Callosum/pathology ; Humans ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods ; Prospective Studies
Czasopismo naukowe

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