Italian painter. Raffaello Sanzio, known as Raphael (RAF-ee-ehl), had the good fortune to be born in the mountain town of Urbino, where Federico da Montefeltro maintained a ducal court manifesting splendor, pomp, elegance, and the new learning. Raphael’s father, Giovanni, a minor painter and versifier, had access to the court; from his youth, Raphael was introduced to the ongoing works of Piero della Francesca, Sandro Botticelli, Paolo Uccello, and other contemporary masters. Giovanni died,... więcej
Salem Press Biographical Encyclopedia, 2020. 5p.
In the autumn of 1508, Raphael was summoned to Rome from Florence by Pope Julius II. The artist may have been recommended to the pope by the architect Donato Bramante, a distant relative of Raphael. Julius II was one of the most powerful and ambitious popes of the Renaissance. Intent on matching the imperial splendor of ancient Rome, Julius II embarked on vigorous building campaigns and called on prominent artists to help fulfill his cultural ambitions.
Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2020. 3p.