The Republic of Turkey lies between Europe and the Middle East. Though it has only been a nation since 1923, its territory has been home to various civilizations dating back thousands of years and was the political center of both the Byzantine and Ottoman empires. Under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk), modern Turkey was born as a westward-looking and secular republic. Turkey continues to seek full-fledged membership in the European Union. If successful, it will be the first country... więcej
Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2022. 6p.